Consider the following differences between Vaisheshika and Nyaya philosophy:
- While Nyaya philosophy accepts four independent sources of knowledge, but Vaisheshika accepts only two
- Nyaya recognizes sixteen categories of reality, Vaisheshika recognizes only seven categories of reality
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
Both are correct statements
Nyaya philosophy accepts four independent sources of knowledge — perception, inference, comparison, and testimony — but Vaisheshika accepts only two— perception and inference. Nyaya maintain s that all of reality is comprehended by sixteen categories (padarthas), whereas Vaisheshika recognizes only seven categories of reality. These are: dravya (substance), guna (quality), karma (action), samanya (generality), visesa (uniqueness), samavaya (inherence), and abhava (nonexistence).
This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module