Consider the following differences between Vaisheshika and Nyaya philosophy:

  1. While Nyaya philosophy accepts four independent sources of knowledge, but Vaisheshika accepts only two  
  2. Nyaya recognizes sixteen categories of reality, Vaisheshika recognizes only seven categories of reality

  Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [C] Both 1 & 2

Both are correct statements
Nyaya philosophy accepts four independent sources of knowledge — perception, inference, comparison, and testimony — but Vaisheshika accepts only two— perception and inference.  Nyaya maintain s that all of reality is comprehended by sixteen categories (padarthas), whereas Vaisheshika recognizes only seven categories of reality. These are: dravya (substance), guna (quality), karma (action), samanya (generality), visesa (uniqueness), samavaya (inherence), and abhava (nonexistence).

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module