Consider the following:

  1. Fundamental Rights
  2. Fundamental Duties
  3. Directive Principles of State Policy

Which of the above contain provisions related to environment?

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

The provisions related to environment in the constitution of India are found among Fundamental Duties, Directive Principles as well as Fundamental Rights. Article 51-A (g) says that “It shall be duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures. Article 48-A of the constitution in Directive Principles focuses on protection and improvement of environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life. This article says: “The State shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard the forests and wild life of the country”. Under Fundamental Rights (Part-III), Articles 21, 14 and 19 have been used by judiciary to establish Right to clean environment as one of the implied fundamental rights.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module