Consider the following statements about Shifting Cultivation in India:

  1. This form of agriculture is more prevalent in north-east India
  2. It is characterized with very low output-input ratio
  3. It is also known as jhum cultivation in some parts of the country

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Answer: [D] 1, 2 & 3

Jhum cultivation is also known as slash and burn agriculture in the hills of the north-east India. According to recent estimates, India’s 0.59 percent of the total geographical area is under shifting cultivation. The effects of shifting cultivation are devastating and far-reaching in degrading the environment and ecology of these regions. The earlier 15–20 years cycle of shifting cultivation on a particular land has reduced to two or three years now. This has resulted in large-scale deforestation, soil and nutrient loss, and invasion by weeds and other species. The indigenous biodiversity has been affected to a large extent. The current statistics say that India’s largest area under shifting cultivation is in the state of Odisha.

This question is a part of GKToday's Integrated IAS General Studies Module