GS-III: Indian Economy & Development

Short Note: Accrual Funds

August 11, 2017

Accrual funds may be described as debt mutual funds which aim at earning an income in the form of interest basically from the coupon that is offered for the securities held in the portfolio. They are in contrast to the duration funds which aim at earning a significant amount...

Angel Networks: Meaning, Functions And Various Concerns Of SEBI

August 8, 2017

What are the Angel networks? What do they do? Why SEBI is concerned about them? Angel Networks are the networks that provide a bridge between the startups that are seeking money in the form of investments and the faceless investors. The Angel Networks connect with the start-ups to find...

Issues Around Railway Finances and Recent PMO Directives

August 7, 2017

What are the major problems of Railway Finances in India? What were the recent directions of PMO to finance ministry regarding the Railway Finances? Indian Railways faces chronic financial problems. The annual rate of increase in cost has overtaken that of revenues during the last few years. There are...

Short Note: Bharat 22 ETF

August 5, 2017

What is Bharat 22 ETF? What is its composition and how it is different from earlier ETFs? Have ETFs played some worthwhile role in Indian Economy in recent times? Bharat 22 ETF is a new exchange traded fund that includes under one roof 22 blue chips like IOC, ONGC,...

Short Note: India and Methanol Based Economy

August 3, 2017

How can Methanol Economy be helpful for India? What are major roadblocks in to use Methanol as an alternative fuel? Methanol is simplest alcohol and does not have a carbon-carbon bond and therefore does not emit particulate matter which causes pollution. It can be easily produced from renewable sources...

Disinvestment and Mobilization of Resources

July 19, 2017

In this article, we review the current government policy and various issues around disinvestment. Disinvestment and privatization are two related but different terms. They are related because both involve sale of government shares in PSUs. However, when 51% or more equity is sold to private players, its privatization. In...

Proposed Public Debt Management Agency (PDMA): Requirement, Features, Issues

July 19, 2017

In an effort to streamline the borrowings of the government and achieve better cash management, the Finance Ministry in 2016 established the Public Debt Management Cell which is to become Public Debt Management Agency in two years time. It is an interim arrangement in the RBI itself but it...

Mobilization of Resources for Local Bodies: Various Issues

July 19, 2017

The financing of the local bodies in India has a direct relationship with their effective governance. Although local bodies like the Municipalities and Panchayats were always a part of the decentralized system of governance in India, their role in the system was given more recognition through the 73rd and...

Trends & Issues in Capital Expenditure

July 19, 2017

The capital expenditures result in creation of physical and financial assets such as land, building, machinery, infrastructure such as road and bridges etc. Similarly, these expenditures also result in the reduction in government liability such as paying back the loans, increasing financial assets by investments in shares etc., giving...

Trends and Issues in Revenue Expenditure of Government

July 19, 2017

Revenue expenditures are those expenditures of the government which are used for running the show and don’t create any productive assets and don’t reduce liabilities. These include operational and administrative expenses, welfare schemes, subsidies, pensions, salaries, interest payments, grants, money on defence (except defense equipments) and so on.  Revenue...
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