GS-II: Indian Polity & Constitution

Short Note: Courts of Appeal

August 7, 2017

Note: This short note is based on ET news {4 August, 2017} which said that a radical judicial reform called “Courts of Appeal” is on the anvil and both central government and SC are mulling over it. It is different from the National Court of Appeal, which we had...

Short Note: Merging NCRB with BPR&D

August 6, 2017

What is the government rationale behind merging the National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB) with Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D)? Do their functions overlap or are different? The Union Government has recently merged the National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB) which used to act as a principal source of...

Article 35-A: Provisions, Issues and Current Status

August 6, 2017

How section 35-A was incorporated in the constitution? Why it is often alleged that incorporation of Article 35-A in the Constitution not only bypassed Indian parliament, but also created more discrimination? What are its key provisions and their implications? There are several petitions in the Supreme Court that challenge...

Election of Vice President: Review of Constitutional Provisions

August 6, 2017

What is the process of Election of Vice President? What are key differences between elections of President and Vice President in India? Article 63 of the Constitution of India, 1950 mandates the election of a Vice President of India. The procedure for the election of the Vice President has...

Recent SC Suggestion: NEET Like Exam for Lower Judiciary

August 5, 2017

How the judges of lower judiciary are selected currently across India? What is recent stance of Supreme Court on All-India common test for lower judiciary? Is it good or a bad idea? Current Procedure Appointments to the state judicial services below the rank of district judge are made by...

Short Note: Parliament House Annex Inaugurated

August 2, 2017

The construction work of the Parliament House annexe began in May 2011 and was completed in December 2016. It was inauguared on August 2, 2017. The recently built structure has an area of around 39,495 square meters and will house the Parliamentary committees. The foundation was laid by the...

Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017: Significant Provisions and Issues

June 1, 2017

The Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act 2017 had received Presidential assent on 27 March 2017 after being passed by the Parliament. The Act has made amendments to the Maternity Benefits Act, 1961.The majority of the provisions of the Maternity Benefit (Amendment) Act has come into force with effect from 1st...

Armed Forces Tribunal: Mandate, Structure and Current Issues

March 24, 2017

Armed Forces Tribunal (AFT) is the military tribunal in India, established under Armed Forces Tribunal Act, 2007 to provide effective redressal mechanism for personnel of three armed forces. The act was passed on the basis of recommendation of 169th Law Commission Report and various Supreme Court directives. Benches The Principal...

Right to Recall

March 17, 2017

This article examines the proposal to amend the Representation of People Act, 1951 in such a way that it allows voters to recall the elected MPs/ MLAs if people are not satisfied by their conduct. The Representation of People Act, 1951 was enacted in 1951 under Article 327 of...

Appointment of Judges : India versus United States

March 5, 2017

This article look compares the procedure of appointment of judges in India and US and seeks to analyze if India can learn anything from US in this direction. Introduction The Indian constitution has horizontally separated powers in hands of Legislature, Executive and Judiciary- One creates the law, other executes...
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